For the Year 1831.
Being a Fateful and Comprehensive Digest
In Regular Series of
All the Interesting Articles of Intelligence
contained in the
Various Foreign and Domestic Prints of every Day,
From January 1, to December 31, 1831.
intending to illustrate
The Politics of Europe,
and to convey a general and perfect knowledge of what is passing
in every part of the world forming together a brief but faithful
History of the Present Times
Printed for the Proprietors, by C. Baldwin, and published at the Weekly Messenger Office, 63 Fleet Street.
3. Up to this date 6,387 persons had been attacked with cholera in Moscow, 3,586 of whom had died, and 2,707 recovered. Moscow contains a population of 320,000.
25. The Diet at Warsaw declare the throne of Poland vacant.
26. Cardinal Capellari is elected Pope, and takes the title of Gregory XVI.
29. The French Chamber of Peers, after long discussion, decides by a great majority, that Peers ought not to be protected from arrest for debt.
3. Parliament meets after the Christmas recess.
18. Accounts are received of the death of Bolivar, who expired at St. Pedro on the 17th of December, in the 48th year of his age.
20. Lord Charles Somerset, late Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, dies at Brighton.
— A great battle takes place near Praga between the Russians and Poles. The Poles remain masters of the field, and the Russians retreat with a loss of 7,000 men. The Poles are said to have lost 2,000 men.
21. The Rev. Robert Hall dies at Bristol, in the 69th year of his age.
25. The Lord Chancellor introduces a bill for ealaislishing a new Court of Bankruptcy.
7. Seven persons are executed at Lisbon for a conspiracy discovered on the 8th of February.
9. After long debates, for seven nights, leave is given to bring in the Reform bill.
14. A change of ministry takes place in France, when Casimir Perier is appointed Prime Minister.
17. The Earl of Darnley dies suddenly at his residence Cobham Hall, in the 64th year of his age.
18. A long discussion in the Commons on the Timber Duties, when ministers, on a division, are defeated by a majority of 46, there being 190 for the motion, and 236 against it.
20. A serious disturbance breaks out in the island of Antigua, and sixteen plantations are destroyed by fire.
21. A return is made by which it appears that the expenses of the East Retford inquiry amounted to 9,557l. 17s. 6d.
— The debate on the second reading of the Reform bill commences and closes next night, when, on a division, there were for the second reading 302, and against it 301—a more numerous divisions than any which had ever taken place at the house.
30. A great victory is gained over the Russians by the Poles under Skrzynecki, near Praga.
The Russians are said to have lost 12,090 men in killed and wounded, and 2,000 prisoners.
3. The Emperor of Russia issues a decree for confiscating all the estates of those who join the Polish insurrection in Wilna and Volhynia.
7. The Earl of Mulgrave dies at Mulgrave Castle, in the 77th year of his age.
— Don Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, abdicates in favour of his son, and embarks on board a British ship of war with all his family, excepting his son, a boy of five years of age, who is declared Emperor, and a Regency appointed.
13. The new coinage is issued.
20. Mr. Abernethy, the surgeon, dies at Enfield, in the 67th year of his age.
22. The King, in person, prorogues parliament, which is dissolved by proclamation next day, and directed to assemble on the 14th of June.
23. The Earl of Winterton dies at Worthing, in the 73d year of his age, and two days after the Countess dies, in her 77th year.
24. The Duchess of Wellington dies at Apsley House.
27. A general illumination, in consequence of the dissolution of Parliament, and partial riots take place.
29. Charles Felix, King of Sardinia, dies, in his 66th year, and is succeeded by his nephew, the Prince of Carignan.
19. A serious dispute takes place between the British residents at Canton and the Chinese authorities.
25. The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, depose the Rev. Mr. Campbell, the author of what is called the " Row Heresy."
28. The King's birthday is celebrated by illumination and other marks of respect.
1. By returns it appears that the income of the Bible society last year was nearly 100,000l., and that the receipts since its institution exceed 7,000,000l.
3. The National Congress of Brussels elect Prince Leopold King of Belgium, by a great majority, —there being 152 in his favour, and 10 against him.
— A serious disturbance breaks out in Merthyr Tidvil, at which a great number of workmen are killed and wounded.
8. Mrs. Siddons dies, in her 76th year.
— The Countess Spencer dies, in the 68th year of her age
10. A proclamation appears in the Gazette ordering all vessels coming from Russia or the Baltic to perform quarantine.
— General Diebitsch dies, and is succeeded by Paskewitscb.
14. The new parliament assemble.
16. The Earl of Fingall, the Earl of Sefton, Lord Kinnaird, and Mr. Agar Ellis, are created
18, At Newtownbarry a great number of people assembled, and having become riotous, on account of a seizure for tithes, the yeomanry fire on them, and kill 34 persons.
20. A proclamation appears in the Gazette relative to cholera, and a Board of Health is appointed.
21. The King opens parliament in a speech from the throne.
24. Lord J. Russell obtains leave to bring in a second Reform bill.
26. The cholera breaks out at St. Petersburgh.
27. The Grand Duke Constantine of Russia dies at Witepsk, in his 52d year.
30. Wm. Roscoe, the author, dies at Liverpool, in his 80th year.
4. Mr. Monroe, formerly President of the United States, dies, in his 72d year.
18. Earl Grey announces that Prince Leopold, in accepting the Belgic crown, had relinquished his pension of 50,000l. a-year, and resigned his regiment.
21. Prince Leopold enters Brussels, after a triumphant progress from Ostend. Next day he
takes the oath, and is inaugurated King of the Belgians.
1. The new London bridge is opened with great pomp and state, by the King in person.
3. An augmentation of 10,000l. is voted by both looses of Parliament, to the Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria.
11. A violent hurricane occasions great loss of lives and property in the island of Barbadoes. The hurricane extends to St. Lucia and St. Vincent.
8. The King and Queen are crowned in Westminster Abbey.
— The Belgian Chambers are opened by King Leopold in person.
— After several days' hard fighting Warsaw is taken by the Russians, and the wreck of the Polish army retires to Modlin.
10. The Countess of Mornington, mother of the Duke of Wellington, dies at her house in Henrietta street, in the 90th year of her age.
11. Mr. Calcraft dies at his house in Whitehall place, in his 65th year.
21. The Reform bill, after two nights' discussion, passes the Commons by a majority of 345 to 236.
6. After a debate of five nights, the motion for the second reading of the Reform bill, in the House of Lords, is rejected by a majority of 41; the numbers being 158 for, and 199 against the bill. The house sat till half-past six in the morning.
8. King's College is opened.
29. The Bristol riots commence, and continued unchecked for three days. The loss of lives and property is enormous.
31. The cholera breaks out at Sunderland.
2. A royal proclamation is issued relative to riots at Derby, Nottingham, and Bristol, and a reward of 1,000l. offered for the apprehension of any of the rioters
19. The King of the French creates thirty-six peers.
21. Serious disturbances break out at Lyons, when the silk weavers, after several days' hard
fighting with the troops and national guard, finally occupy the city.
5. Bishop and Williams, who, with May, were convicted on the 2d for the murder of an Italian boy, are executed at the Old Bailey, when a number of persons are severely injured, owing to the pressure of the vast crowd. May is respited.
6. The King opens parliament in person.
— Sir Anthony Hart, late Lord Chancellor of Ireland dies at his house in Cumberland street, in his seventy second year.
7. The colera makes its appearance at Newcastle
l0. The Spanish Constitutional General, Torrijos, with about sixty followers, who, trusting to the promises of the Governor of Malaga, had landed in the neighbourhood and been surrounded by troops, are all shot, without trial, in the market-place of Malaga.
12. Lord John Russell obtains leave to bring in a third Reform bill.
14. A dreadful affray takes place near Kilkenny, in which nineteen policemen are killed by the peasants.
16. Holloway is executed at Horsham for the murder of his wife.
17. After two nights' discussion in the Commons, the Reform bill is read a second time by a majority of 162, the numbers being 324 for, and 162 against the second reading. Parliament then adjourns to Jan. 17.
20. The Countess of Orkney dies at Beaconsfield, in her 76th year.
22. The Countess Dowager of Darnley dies at Leamington.
23. The cholera breaks out at Haddinglon, in Scotland.
25. The cholera breaks out at Gateshead with great violence.
27. The motion for abolishing the hereditary peerage in France is carried in the Chamber of Peers by a majority of 103 to 67.
LONDON: Printed (for the Proprietors) by C. Baldwin, and published at No. 63, Fleet street;—to which place alone all Orders are referred.